Lettuce - When To Sow & Grow | Love The Garden

Lettuce

Lactuca sativa
Crunchy, crisp lettuce leaf

Lettuce is a staple main ingredient of any summer salad, and easy to grow at home. Home-grown, they are crisp, juicy and full of flavour - a far cry from the limp lettuces you can sometimes buy. Some varieties also have colourful, ornamental leaves, suitable for growing in flower borders.

By growing a range of varieties and sowing at different times of year, you can have lettuces available nearly all year round.

Cut-and-come-again lettuces are even easier to grow than hearting lettuce and can crop over several weeks.

How to grow lettuce

Cultivation

A bright sunny position is best, although most lettuce tolerate light shade. During hot, sunny summers, lettuce do better in light shade.

Soil that has been fortified with some organic matter to improve water holding and a general granular plant food will grow a good crop

Lettuce can also be grown well in small pots, window boxes, growing bags or planters.

Lettuce varieties

A selection of different types of lettuce

There are lots of different lettuce varieties, divided into different types, depending on the type of leaves they produce.

Cos (upright growth, oblong head and crisp leaves) Freckles, Little Gem, Lobjoit’s Green Cos, Winter Density

Crisphead (large hearts of curled and crisp leaves; includes iceberg lettuces) Lakeland, Saladin, Webbs Wonderful

Butterhead (open habit, quick maturing and tolerate poorer growing conditions) All The Year Round, Avondefiance, Buttercrunch, Tom Thumb

Loose leaf (do not produce a heart, cut-and-come-again) Bijou, Lollo Rossa, Red Salad Bowl, Salad Bowl

Sowing lettuce

Sow a short row every fortnight, enough for your needs, to have a continuous crop. Sow seeds thinly 13mm (0.5in) deep, cover with soil and water in well.

The timing of sowing depends on cropping time.

Summer/autumn crops Sow outdoors from late March to late July. For an earlier crop, sow indoors with gentle heat in early February and plant out in early March under cloches.

Winter Sow outdoors in early August and cover the plants with cloches in late September. For a mid-winter crop, sow in a heated greenhouse in September and October and grow on in the greenhouse.

Spring Sow a hardy variety in September or October either in a cold greenhouse or outside under cloches in mild areas, or in pots on the windowsill

How to care for lettuce

Succulent, tasty lettuce

Keep the soil moist at all times; if the soil dries out the plants may bolt (go to seed prematurely).

Thin out seedlings when they’re about 2.5cm (1in) high and continue until the plants are 30cm (12in) apart, 23cm (9in) for dwarf varieties and 15cm (6in) for loose-leaf types. The thinnings can be used in the kitchen.

To encourage fast growth that is tender and full of flavour, feed plants every 3 weeks with a balanced liquid feed.

Harvesting

Lettuce is ready to harvest when a firm heart has formed. Cut the stem with a sharp knife.

Loose-leaf types are harvested as and when needed once the plants are about 7.5-10cm (3-4in) high. You can either pick individual leaves or harvest over the whole plant with scissors.

It is best to cut in the morning, when the plants will be at their freshest.

Full sun

Partial shade

Ultimate height

Up to 30cm (1ft)

Ultimate spread

up to 15cm (6in)

Time to ultimate height

Up to 10 weeks
Chalky
Clay
Loamy
Sandy

Soil pH

Neutral

Moisture

Moist but well-drained

Spring

Green
red
Yellow

Summer

Green
red
Yellow

Autumn

Green
red
Yellow

Winter

Green
red
Yellow
 

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